A truly multicultural, megalopolis of people, ideas and frenetic energy. London is divided into thirty-two boroughs, with unlimited opportunity for sightseeing. Packed with excellent restaurants, a vibrant nightlife and accommodation of the highest levels.
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London is the capital and the largest city of both England and the United Kingdom, it is also the largest city in Western Europe and the European Union. Situated on the River Thames in South-East England, Greater London has an official population of a little over 8 million. Considered one of the world’s leading “global cities”, London remains an international capital of culture, music, education, fashion, politics, finance and trade.
London is a 21st-century city with history stretching back to Roman times. At its centre stand the imposing Houses of Parliament, the iconic ‘Big Ben’ clock tower and Westminster Abbey, site of British monarch coronations. Across the Thames River, the London Eye observation wheel provides panoramic views of the South Bank cultural complex, and the entire city.
Sir Christopher Wren’s 17th-century St. Paul’s Cathedral towers above ‘The City’, where london’s global Stock Exchange conducts its business. Royal sites include Buckingham Palace, housing the monarch’s main residence and offices, and the Tower of London, a former prison that’s home to the Crown Jewels. The British Museum, National Gallery, Tate Britain and Tate Modern explore the local international history and art. the West End theatres presents classic and cutting-edge drama. Covent Garden, Soho and spitalfields Market are popular dining and shopping areas. Major public spaces include Trafalgar Square, Hyde Park and Hampstead Heath.
Most bus services in London are run by private operators which have been awarded contracts. The contract is then managed by London Bus Services Ltd. London Bus Services Ltd, manages one of the largest bus networks in the world, with more than 9,300 vehicles in the fleet. London Bus Services Ltd, plans routes, specifies service levels and monitors service quality. It is also responsible for around 50 bus stations and more than 19,000 bus stops.
Technology for passengers
A system called iBus is operated on all London Buses. Using a combination of technologies including satellite tracking, iBus can pinpoint the location of buses, relaying information between the driver, garage and central control point. Live bus arrival information for all bus stops is available online, on smartphones and via SMS. It is also available via signs at more than 2,600 bus stops.This interactive maps allow people to search by postcode, street name, route number, stop name or place of interest.
History & Culture
St Paul’s Cathedral
Tower Bridge was built over 120 years ago to ease road traffic while maintaining river access to the busy Pool of London docks. Built with giant moveable roadways that lift up for passing ships, it is to this day considered an engineering marvel and beyond being one of London’s favourite icons, it is arguably one of the most famous and instantly recognisable structures in the entire world.
Buckingham Palace is the London residence and administrative headquarters of the reigning monarch of the United Kingdom. Located in the City of Westminster, the palace is often at the centre of state occasions and royal hospitality
Big Ben is the nickname for the Great Bell of the clock at the north end of the Palace of Westminster in London and is usually extended to refer to both the clock and the clock tower as well.
When to visit
London is a year-round destination, getting busiest Jun–Sep and in the run-up to Christmas and New Year (Dec). Jul–Aug is when many Europeans take holidays, so visitors may face more crowds and limited availability of hotel rooms.
Key events include
- The London Marathon (Apr),
- Notting Hill Carnival (Aug),
- Frieze London art fair (Oct),
- Sep–May is the city’s primary season for theatre, opera, ballet and classical music.
- Summer’s warmer weather brings many free outdoor music and theatre festivals.